Apr 10, 2020

Distinct evolutionary paths in chronic lymphocytic leukemia during resistance to graft-versus-leukemia

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
P. BachireddyCatherine J Wu


Resistance to the graft-versus-leukemia (GvL) effect remains the major barrier to successful allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for aggressive hematologic malignancies. The basis of GvL resistance for advanced lymphoid malignancies remains incompletely understood. We hypothesized that for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) treated with allo-HSCT, leukemic cell-intrinsic features shape GvL outcomes by directing the evolutionary trajectories of CLL cells. Integrated genetic, transcriptomic and epigenetic analyses of CLL cells from 10 patients revealed that the clinical kinetics of post-HSCT relapse are shaped by distinct molecular dynamics and suggest that the selection pressures of the GvL bottleneck are unlike those imposed by chemotherapy. No selective advantage for HLA loss was observed, even when present in pre-transplant subpopulations. Regardless of post-transplant relapse kinetics, gain of stem cell modules was a common signature associated with leukemia relapse. These data elucidate the biological pathways that underlie GvL resistance and post-transplant relapse.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Genome-Wide Association Study
Sex Chromosomes
Complete trisomy 18 syndrome
Gene Deletion
Nucleic Acid Sequencing
Cell-Free DNA

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