Aug 8, 1998

Distinct regulation of T-cell death by CD28 depending on both its aggregation and T-cell receptor triggering: a role for Fas-FasL

Y ColletteD Olive


CD28 is a major coreceptor that regulates cell proliferation, anergy, and viability of T cells. The negative selection by T-cell receptor (TCR)-induced cell death of immature thymocytes as well as of activated human antigen-specific T-cell clone, requires a costimulatory signal that can be provided by CD28. Conversely, CD28-mediated signals increase expression of Bcl-XL, a survival gene, and promote survival of naive T cells cultured in the absence of antigen or costimulation. Because CD28 appears to both protect from, or induce T-cell death, one important question is to define the activation and cellular parameters that dictate the differential role of CD28 in T-cell apoptosis. Here, we compared different CD28 ligands for their ability to regulate TCR-induced cell death of a murine T-cell hybridoma. In these cells, TCR triggering induced expression of Fas and FasL, and cell death was prevented by anti-Fas blocking monoclonal antibody (MoAb). When provided as a costimulus, both CD28 MoAb and the B7.1 and B7.2 counter receptors downregulated, yet did not completely abolish T-cell receptor-induced apoptosis. This CD28 cosignal resulted in both upregulation of Bcl-XL and prevention of FasL expression. In marked contrast, when give...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

CD80 Antigens
Monoclonal Antibodies
CD86 gene
Clonal Anergy
Apoptosis, Intrinsic Pathway
Leukocyte Differentiation Antigens, Human
Chimeric Proteins, Recombinant

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