Sep 1, 1976

Distinct steps in the specific binding of tRNA to aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase. Temperature-jump studies on the serine-specific system from yeast and the tyrosine-specific system from Escherichia coli

European Journal of Biochemistry
D RiesnerG Maass

Abstract

The kinetics of the interaction of tRNASer and seryl-tRNA synthetase from yeast as well as of tRNATyr and tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase from Escherichia coli have been investigated by temperature-jump experiments. It could be shown that complex formation proceeds in two distinct steps. This was demonstrated for both the first and the second binding site. The two-step mechanism was deduced from the characteristic concentration dependence of the relaxation times. Seryl-tRNA synthetase recombines with the first tRNA to form an intermediate complex (kI12, kI21), which is transformed in a fast reaction to the final 1:1 complex (kI23, kI32). At pH 7.2 with 0.1 M KCl the rate constants are: kI12 = 2.7 X 10(8) M-1 S-1; kI23, kI32). At pH 7.2 with 0.1 M KCl the rate constants are: kI12 = 2.7 x 10(8) M-1 S-1; kI21 = 220 S-1; kI23 = 760 S-1; kI32 = 330 S-1. The 1:1 complex can bind a second tRNA. At pH 7.2 without added salt the rate constants are: KII2 = 0.9 X 10(8) M-1 S-1; kII21 = 270 S-1; kII23 = 120 S-1; kII32 = 1250 S-1. The tyrosine-specific system behaves very similarly to the serine-specific system. Data are given for pH 7.2 (pH 6.0) for the binding of the second tRNA: kII12 = 1 X 10(8) (2.5 X 10(8)) M-1 S-1; kII21 = 470 (170) S-1; kII...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Transfer RNA
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Protein Conformation
Amino Acyl-tRNA Synthetases
Serine
Serine-tRNA Ligase
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Tyrosine-tRNA Ligase

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