Mar 1, 1984

Distribution of alpha 2 agonist binding sites in the rat and human central nervous system: analysis of some functional, anatomic correlates of the pharmacologic effects of clonidine and related adrenergic agents

Brain Research
J R UnnerstallM J Kuhar

Abstract

Using [3H]para-aminoclonidine, alpha 2 adrenergic binding sites have been mapped in the rat and human CNS using in vitro labeling autoradiographic techniques. In both the rat and human thoracic spinal cord, high densities of alpha 2 binding sites were associated with the substantia gelatinosa and the intermediolateral cell column. In the rat medulla, high binding site density was observed in the medial nucleus of the solitary tract, dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus, raphe pallidus and the substantia gelatinosa of the trigeminal nucleus, while lower levels of specific binding were found in the lateral and ventrolateral medulla. In the human, a similar distribution was observed. However, significantly lower levels of specific binding were seen in the medial nts as opposed to the dmv. In the rat, high levels of specific binding were seen at pontine and midbrain levels in the locus coeruleus, parabrachial nucleus and periaqueductal gray. In the forebrain, several hypothalmic and limbic regions, including the paraventricular and arcuate nuclei of the hypothalamus, the central, medial and basal nuclei of the amygdala, lateral septum and bed nucleus of the stria terminalis and pyriform, entorhinal and insular cortex were labeled. Eac...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Nucleus Solitarius
Entire Medulla Oblongata
August Rats
Neurons
Brain
Segment of Thoracic Spinal Cord
Central Gray Substance of Midbrain
Entire Midbrain
Entire Central Nervous System
Entire Basal Nuclei

About this Paper

Related Feeds

Amygdala and Midbrain Dopamine

The midbrain dopamine system is widely studied for its involvement in emotional and motivational behavior. Some of these neurons receive information from the amygdala and project throughout the cortex. When the circuit and transmission of dopamine is disrupted symptoms may present. Here is the latest research on the amygdala and midbrain dopamine.

Adrenergic Receptors: Trafficking

Adrenergic receptor trafficking is an active physiological process where adrenergic receptors are relocated from one region of the cell to another or from one type of cell to another. Discover the latest research on adrenergic receptor trafficking here.

Basal Ganglia

Basal Ganglia are a group of subcortical nuclei in the brain associated with control of voluntary motor movements, procedural and habit learning, emotion, and cognition. Here is the latest research.

Amygdala: Sensory Processes

Amygdalae, nuclei clusters located in the temporal lobe of the brain, play a role in memory, emotional responses, and decision-making. Here is the latest research on sensory processes in the amygdala.