PMID: 40906Jan 1, 1979

Distribution of ATPase in isolated human spermatozoa nuclei: a high resolution cytochemical study

International Journal of Fertility
A SosaA González-Angulo

Abstract

The presence of ATPase activity was demonstrated in isolated nuclei of human spermatozoa by high resolution cytochemical methods. The Wachstein and Meisell technique as modified by Marchesi and Palade was used. ATPase activity was identified as dense and irregularly distributed granules confined to the exposed surface of spermatozoa nuclei. Within the nucleus the reaction product appeared as electron dense precipitates randomly distributed. Control experiments were negative. Deposits of lead phosphate specifically restricted to the exposed surface of nuclei were interpreted as an indication of a glucose-6-phosphatase and/or phosphohydrolase activity. Whether this activity is located in remnants of the inner leaflet of the nuclear envelope is not known. The presence of the enzyme activity within the nucleus is thought to be related to aerobic ATP synthesis previously suggested. If so, this function may be involved in establishing and/or maintaining the highly complex structural organization of spermatozoa nuclei.

Related Concepts

Adenosine Triphosphatases
ATP Synthesis Pathway
Sperm Cell
Spermatozoa Cell Count
Phosphate Measurement
Cell Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Enzyme Activity
GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATASE
Blood Enzyme Activity (Lab Test)

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Sexual Dimorphism in Neurodegeneration

There exist sex differences in neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders. For instance, multiple sclerosis is more common in women, whereas Parkinson’s disease is more common in men. Here is the latest research on sexual dimorphism in neurodegeneration

HLA Genetic Variation

HLA genetic variation has been found to confer risk for a wide variety of diseases. Identifying these associations and understanding their molecular mechanisms is ongoing and holds promise for the development of therapeutics. Find the latest research on HLA genetic variation here.

Super-resolution Microscopy

Super-resolution microscopy is the term commonly given to fluorescence microscopy techniques with resolutions that are not limited by the diffraction of light. Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to super-resolution microscopy.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.

Brain Lower Grade Glioma

Low grade gliomas in the brain form from oligodendrocytes and astrocytes and are the slowest-growing glioma in adults. Discover the latest research on these brain tumors here.

CD4/CD8 Signaling

Cluster of differentiation 4 and 8 (CD8 and CD8) are glycoproteins founds on the surface of immune cells. Here is the latest research on their role in cell signaling pathways.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.