Distribution of cardiac output during induced isometric exercise in dogs
The American Journal of Physiology
S C CraytonJ H Mitchell
Studies were designed to characterize the distribution of cardiac output during induced isometric exercise in anesthetized dogs. The response to isometric exercise involved significant increases in heart rate (+12 +/- 3%(SE)), mean arterial pressure (+13 +/- 2%), cardiac output (+26 +/- 8%), and respiratory minute volume (+75 +/- 26%); total peripheral resistance did not change significantly. Significant changes in blood flow were observed during isometric exercise in kidneys (-18 +/- 6%) and contracting limb muscles (+453 +/- 154%). Flow to liver (hepatic artery), spleen, brain, and myocardium remained near control values. Section of spinal dorsal roots L6-L7 abolished the responses to isometric exercise except for the increase in flow to exercising limb muscles. Alpha-adrenergic receptor blockade abolished the decrease in renal blood flow during isometric exercise; however, the increase in flow to exercising limb muscles was not affected by either alpha- or beta-adrenergic blockade.
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