PMID: 1168686May 1, 1975Paper

Distribution of molecular species of sphingomyelins in different parts of bovine digestive tract.

Journal of Lipid Research
M E Breimer


Sphingomyelins were isolated from mucosal layers of bovine rennet stomach, duodenum, jejunoileum, and colon ascendens. The ceramides obtained after phospholipase degradation were characterized by thin-layer chromatography, mass spectrometry, and gas-liquid chromatography. The main ceramide group from all regions consisted of dihydroxy long-chain bases and normal fatty acids. Sphingosine was the predominant base in all these fractions, and only in rennet stomach were smaller amounts of the C17 and C20 homologs present. Normal saturated C16, C18, C22, and C24 fatty acids were most abundant. In rennet stomach there was in addition a ceramide group having dihydroxy long-chain bases in combination with hydroxy fatty acids. Sphingosine was the predominant long-chain base and the fatty acids were 2-hydroxy C16, C22, C23, and C24. From jejunoileum three minor ceramide fractions were isolated; these consisted of phytosphingosine and normal fatty acids C22-C24), sphingosine and 2-hydroxy fatty acids (C16-C24), and phytosphingosine and 2-hydroxy fatty acids (C22-C24), respectively. No branched paraffin chains were found in significant amounts. Sphingomyelins with trihydroxy long-chain bases and 2-hydroxy fatty acids found in jejunoileum w...Continue Reading

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