PMID: 1893376Sep 15, 1991Paper

Distribution of tamoxifen and its metabolites in rat and human tissues during steady-state treatment

Cancer Research
E A LienP M Ueland

Abstract

A procedure for the extraction of tamoxifen and metabolites from various rat and human tissues was developed and verified. With this method, we determined the drug and metabolite concentrations during one dosing interval in various tissues (brain, fat, liver, heart, lung, kidney, uterus, and testes) of rats given tamoxifen once daily for 3 or 14 days, and in various normal and malignant tissues obtained during surgery or at autopsy from patients with breast cancer treated with tamoxifen. In the rat, the concentrations of tamoxifen and metabolites in most tissues were 8- to 70-fold higher than in serum. The highest levels were observed in lung and liver; substantial amounts were also recovered from kidney and fat. Fluctuations of metabolites and tamoxifen content in most tissues were observed during one dosing interval, corresponding to a ratio of 4:8 between Cmax and Cmin, except in fat and testicular tissues, where the drug concentrations were relatively stable. In addition to tamoxifen, N-desmethyltamoxifen, followed by 4-hydroxytamoxifen, 4-hydroxy-N-desmethyltamoxifen, and N-desdimethyltamoxifen, were abundant in most tissues. In contrast, adipose tissue contained only small amounts of these metabolites. The concentrations ...Continue Reading

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