Nov 1, 1990

Distribution pattern of acetylcholinesterase in early embryonic chicken hearts

The Anatomical Record
W H LamersA F Moorman


To study the developmental appearance of acetylcholinesterase in early embryonic hearts, an enzyme-histochemical study was carried out in chicken embryos ranging from cardiogenic plate to late tubular stages. Initially acetylcholinesterase is present in all cells of the (future) myocardium. When 13-14 pairs of somites have developed, i.e., shortly before blood propulsion starts, acetylcholinesterase selectively disappears from the ventral and lateral wall of the developing ventricle. Slightly later, when 18-19 pairs of somites have developed, acetylcholinesterase also disappears from the dorsal and anterior wall of the atrium. High concentrations of acetylcholinesterase remain present in the outflow tract and lower concentrations in a continuous tract along the lesser curvature of the heart, the atrial side of the atrioventricular canal, and the left wall of the atrium. In late tubular stages of heart development, acetylcholinesterase is reexpressed in the inner myocardial layer of the ventricle, i.e., in the developing trabeculae and the ventricular side of the atrioventricular canal, where it is continuous with the acetylcholinesterase-expressing cells of the atrial side of the atrioventricular canal. The expression pattern o...Continue Reading

  • References32
  • Citations13


  • References32
  • Citations13


Mentioned in this Paper

Entire Atrioventricular Canal
Contraction (Finding)
Atrioventricular CANAL Defect
Chick Embryo
Entire Atrium
Heart Development

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