PMID: 4527752Jul 1, 1974Paper

Disturbance, patch formation, and community structure

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
S A Levin, R T Paine


A model is developed to relate community structure to level of environmental disturbance in systems in which the effects of disturbance are localized in space and time. In general these disturbances create a pattern of spatio-temporal heterogeneity by renewing a limiting resource, thereby permitting utilization by species that are not dominant competitors. The proposed model predicts the frequency distribution of these renewed areas, with regard to size and age (colonization stage). The model thus allows one to relate overall system pattern to the local biology within these areas, to compare various areas with different levels of disturbance, and to predict the effects of new disturbance.


Jun 1, 1951·Biometrika·J G SKELLAM

❮ Previous
Next ❯


Jul 26, 2012·Bulletin of Mathematical Biology·Stuart NattrassDavid J Murrell
Jan 1, 1982·Bio Systems·H M HastingsD del Monte
Sep 2, 2000·Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology·A J Underwood
Sep 29, 2001·Mathematical Biosciences·C Castillo-Chavez, A Yakubu
Nov 13, 2002·Theoretical Population Biology·Jonathan DushoffSimon Levin
May 26, 2006·Nature·Hisashi OhtsukiMartin A Nowak
May 13, 2009·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Corina E TarnitaMartin A Nowak
Mar 23, 2011·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Adam D MillerKatriona Shea
Jul 10, 2013·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Kristy J KroekerFiorenza Micheli
Sep 1, 2012·Journal of Biological Dynamics·Yun Kang, Carlos Castillo-Chavez
May 26, 2012·Biology Letters·Alex R HallKatriona Shea
Nov 15, 2000·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·M P Johnson
Jun 21, 2001·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·M B Bonsall, M P Hassell
Feb 24, 2001·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·M Kondoh
Jun 21, 2003·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·P R Moorcroft
Aug 12, 2006·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Hisashi Ohtsuki, Martin A Nowak
Dec 17, 2009·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Martin A NowakTibor Antal
Mar 24, 2004·Artificial Life·Stephan AltmeyerJohn S McCaskill
Dec 19, 2009·PLoS Computational Biology·Charles G NathansonMartin A Nowak
Jun 12, 2013·PloS One·Silvia de JuanJudi E Hewitt
Nov 23, 2013·PloS One·Michel Génard, Françoise Lescourret
Aug 30, 2008·Ecology·Andy Reynolds
Sep 1, 2012·Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems. Series B·Haiyan Wang, Carlos Castillo-Chavez
Nov 20, 2013·Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering : MBE·Carlos Castillo-ChavezHaiyan Wang
Jan 24, 2002·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Richard E Lenski, Margaret A Riley
Dec 8, 2005·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Max A MoritzJohn Doyle
Jun 1, 1985·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·S Gaines, J Roughgarden
Jul 1, 1987·Annals of Human Biology·S Mjönes
Jul 15, 2003·The American Naturalist·Frédéric GuichardBruce A Menge
Jun 17, 2008·The American Naturalist·Renée A Duckworth
May 19, 2006·Ecological Applications : a Publication of the Ecological Society of America·Charles D Canham, María Uriarte
Apr 11, 2012·Ecology·Christine Angelini, Brian R Silliman

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.