Diuretic-induced hypokalemia and cardiac arrhythmias

The American Journal of Cardiology
P K Whelton, A J Watson

Abstract

Premature ventricular contractions have long been recognized as a complication of severe diuretic-induced hypokalemia. Likewise, diuretic-induced mild hypokalemia is known to have an arrhythmogenic potential in patients who are concurrently being treated with digitalis compounds. Recent studies using exercise and ambulatory monitoring of the electrocardiogram suggest that diuretic-induced premature ventricular contractions may be a more common phenomenon than was previously recognized. The risk of this form of ventricular ectopic activity is controversial. However, the available data are substantial enough to warrant some precautions on the part of the clinician.

References

Oct 6, 1977·The New England Journal of Medicine·W RubermanS Shapiro
Jun 1, 1978·British Heart Journal·G RoseP McCartney
Nov 1, 1985·Medicine·S P PonceJ T Harrington
Dec 1, 1985·Kidney International·R L Tannen
Jul 1, 1971·Circulation·B Lown, M Wolf
Mar 1, 1966·Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases·C FischK Greenspan
Nov 1, 1969·The American Journal of Cardiology·L E HinkleM Stevens
Jan 1, 1971·Gerontologia Clinica·J L Dall, H S Gardiner
Sep 1, 1967·Archives of Internal Medicine·S Davidson, B Surawicz
Oct 2, 1982·British Medical Journal·P J BrennanS G Thompson
Nov 1, 1980·The American Journal of Medicine·A Helgeland
Jan 1, 1982·Southern Medical Journal·P K Whelton
Apr 1, 1981·The American Journal of Medicine·O B HollandL Kuhnert
Jan 1, 1964·Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases·C FISCHH FEIGENBAUM

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Aug 1, 1991·Journal of Pharmacological Methods·J WeissenburgerG Cheymol
Oct 1, 1991·Journal of the American College of Cardiology·D E FitzovichD B Young
Jul 16, 2016·European Heart Journal. Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy·Maria Lukács KrogagerPeter Søgaard
Jul 1, 1988·American Heart Journal·G Z Khair, M S Kochar
Jan 1, 1990·Clinical and Experimental Hypertension. Part A, Theory and Practice·R E Schmieder
Apr 28, 1988·The New England Journal of Medicine·B SchlemmerJ R Le Gall
Oct 12, 2017·European Heart Journal·Mette AldahlPeter Søgaard

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Related Feeds

Antihypertensive Agents: Mechanisms of Action

Antihypertensive drugs are used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure) which aims to prevent the complications of high blood pressure, such as stroke and myocardial infarction. Discover the latest research on antihypertensive drugs and their mechanism of action here.

Atrial Fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation is a common arrhythmia that is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality, particularly due to stroke and thromboembolism. Here is the latest research.

Cardiovascular Diseases: Risk Factors

Cardiovascular disease is a significant health concern. Risk factors include hypertension, obesity, dyslipidemia and smoking. Women who are postmenopausal are at an increased risk of heart disease. Here is the latest research for risk factors of cardiovascular disease.

Arrhythmia

Arrhythmias are abnormalities in heart rhythms, which can be either too fast or too slow. They can result from abnormalities of the initiation of an impulse or impulse conduction or a combination of both. Here is the latest research on arrhythmias.