Acute hypertension inhibits proximal tubule (PT) fluid reabsorption. The resultant increase in end proximal flow rate provides the error signal to mediate tubuloglomerular feedback autoregulation of renal blood flow and glomerular filtration rate and suppresses renal renin secretion. To test whether the suppression of the renin-angiotensin system during acute hypertension affects the magnitude of the inhibition of PT fluid and sodium reabsorption, plasma ANG II levels were clamped by infusion of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor captopril (12 microg/min) and ANG II after pretreatment with the bradykinin B(2) receptor blocker HOE-140 (100 microg/kg bolus). Because ACE also degrades bradykinin, HOE-140 was included to block effect of accumulating vasodilatory bradykinins during captopril infusion. HOE-140 increased the sensitivity of arterial blood pressure to ANG II: after captopril infusion without HOE-140, 20 ng x kg(-1) x min(-1) ANG II had no pressor effect, whereas with HOE-140, 20 ng x kg(-1) x min(-1) ANG II increased blood pressure from 104 +/- 4 to 140 +/- 6 mmHg. ANG II infused at 2 ng x kg(-1) x min(-1) had no pressor effect after captopril and HOE-140 infusion ("ANG II clamp"). When blood pressure was...Continue Reading
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Antihypertensive Agents: Mechanisms of Action
Antihypertensive drugs are used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure) which aims to prevent the complications of high blood pressure, such as stroke and myocardial infarction. Discover the latest research on antihypertensive drugs and their mechanism of action here.