PMID: 36453Aug 1, 1979

Diurnal variation in the quality and outcome of newborn intensive care

The Journal of Pediatrics
J E TysonG Gill

Abstract

Variables related to both the process and the outcome of neonatal intensive care were studied to compare care given during the day (0901-2100 hours) with that at night (2101-0900 hours). At night, intravenous infiltrations occurred more often, and the tidal volume of respirator-treated infants was verified less often. Blood pH values less than 7.20, excluding values within 12 hours of admission, were recorded more often and in more patients at night. During a 12-month period, there were significantly more deaths among infants less than 1,500 gm during the night than during the day. The deterioration of infants at night may result in part from current nursery staffing practices.

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Related Concepts

Blood
Circadian Rhythms
Care of Intensive Care Unit Patient
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Postneonatal Mortality
Neonatal Disorder
Quality of Health Care
Mechanical Ventilation

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