PMID: 42003Jan 1, 1979

Divalent cation-induced aggregation of chromaffin granule membranes

Membrane Biochemistry
S J MorrisD H Haynes


Divalent cations induce the aggregation of chromaffin granule ghosts (CG membranes) at millimolar concentrations. Monovalent cations produce the same effect at 100-fold higher concentrations. The kinetics of the dimerization phase were followed by light-scattering changes observed in stopped-flow rapid mixing experiments. The rate constant for Ca2+-induced dimerization (kapp) is 0.86-1.0 x 10(9) M-1sec-1, based on the "molar" vesicle concentration. This value is close to the values predicted by theory for the case of diffusion-controlled reaction (7.02 x 10(9) M-1sec-1), indicating that there is no energy barrier to dimerization. Arrhenius plots between 10 degrees and 42 degrees C support this; the activation energy observed, +4.4 Kcal, is close to the value (4.6-4.8 Kcal) predicted for diffusion control according to theory. Artificial vesicles prepared from CG lipids were also found to have cation-induced aggregation, but the rates (values of kapp) were less than 1/100 as large as those with native CG membranes. Also, significant differences were found with respect to cation specificity. It is concluded that the slow rates are due to the low probability that the segments of membrane which approach will be matched in polar head...Continue Reading


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