Apr 18, 2020

Mortality of native and invasive ladybirds co-infected by ectoparasitic and entomopathogenic fungi

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Danny HaelewatersT. E. Cottrell

Abstract

Harmonia axyridis is an invasive alien ladybird in North America and Europe. Studies show that multiple natural enemies are using Ha. axyridis as a new host. However, thus far, no research has been undertaken to study the effects of simultaneous infections of multiple natural enemies on Ha. axyridis. We hypothesized that high thallus densities of the ectoparasitic fungus Hesperomyces virescens on a ladybird weaken the host's defenses, thereby making it more susceptible to infection by other natural enemies. We examined mortality of the North American-native Olla v-nigrum and Ha. axyridis co-infected with He. virescens and an entomopathogenic fungus-either Beauveria bassiana or Metarhizium anisopliae. Laboratory assays revealed that He. virescens-infected O. v-nigrum individuals are more susceptible to entomopathogenic fungi, but Ha. axyridis does not suffer the same effects. This is in line with the enemy release hypothesis, which predicts that invasive alien species in new geographic areas experience reduced regulatory effects from natural enemies compared to native species. Considering our results, we can ask how He. virescens affects survival when confronted by other pathogens that previously had little impact on Ha. axyridis.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Whole-Genome Shotgun Sequencing
Amino Acids, I.V. solution additive
Protein Function
Whole Exome Sequencing
Sequencing
Sequence Determinations, DNA
Analysis
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
Exome
Comparative Analysis

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