Aug 3, 2016

Divergent leaf shapes among Passiflora species arise from a shared juvenile morphology

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Daniel H Chitwood, Wagner C Otoni


PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Not only does leaf shape vary between Passiflora species, but between sequential nodes of the vine. The profound changes in leaf shape within Passiflora vines reflect the temporal development of the shoot apical meristem from which leaves are derived and patterned, a phenomenon known as heteroblasty. METHODS: We perform a morphometric analysis of more than 3,300 leaves from 40 different Passiflora species using two different methods: homologous landmarks and Elliptical Fourier Descriptors (EFDs). KEY RESULTS: Changes in leaf shape across the vine are first quantified in allometric terms; that is, changes in the relative area of leaf sub-regions expressed in terms of overall leaf area. Shape is constrained to strict linear relationships as a function of size that vary between species. Statistical analysis of leaf shape, using landmarks and EFDs, reveals that species effects are the strongest, followed by interaction effects, and negligible heteroblasty effects. The ability of different nodes to predictively discriminate species and the variability of landmark and EFD traits at each node is then analyzed. Heteroblastic trajectories, the changes in leaf shape between the first and last measured leaves in a vi...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Vine, Bach flower essence
Science of Morphology
Anatomical Landmark
Anatomical Space Structure

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