Diversification and extinction in the history of life

Science
Michael J Benton

Abstract

Analysis of the fossil record of microbes, algae, fungi, protists, plants, and animals shows that the diversity of both marine and continental life increased exponentially since the end of the Precambrian. This diversification was interrupted by mass extinctions, the largest of which occurred in the Early Cambrian, Late Ordovician, Late Devonian, Late Permian, Early Triassic, Late Triassic, and end-Cretaceous. Most of these extinctions were experienced by both marine and continental organisms. As for the periodicity of mass extinctions, no support was found: Seven mass extinction peaks in the last 250 million years are spaced 20 to 60 million years apart.

Citations

Nov 21, 2000·BioEssays : News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology·Andy PurvisG M Mace
Aug 3, 2004·Journal of Biosciences·Anastassia M Makarieva, Victor G Gorshkov
Nov 20, 2004·Die Naturwissenschaften·L D Martin, T J Meehan
Dec 1, 1997·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·Michael J Benton
May 14, 1999·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·R V SoléP Bak
Oct 4, 2002·Comptes rendus biologies·Alain PavéClaudine Schmidt-Lainé
Jun 9, 2001·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·T Gisiger
Aug 13, 2008·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·John Alroy
Mar 24, 2010·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Jessica H WhitesideRaymond N Sambrotto
Aug 18, 2010·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Luke ManderJ C McElwain
May 12, 2011·Integrative and Comparative Biology·Geerat J Vermeij, Richard K Grosberg
Oct 25, 2007·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Peter J MayhewTimothy G Benton
Jan 17, 2008·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Sarda Sahney, Michael J Benton
Nov 21, 2008·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Felix G Marx
Jun 18, 2010·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Justin R MeyerRees Kassen
Feb 3, 2012·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Roland B SookiasR B J Benson
Sep 7, 2012·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Andrew B SmithAlistair J McGowan
Jul 12, 2013·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Susan F BaileyRees Kassen
Apr 23, 1999·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·D HewzullaJ M Halley
Jul 16, 2004·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Peter L ForeyAndrew B Smith
Apr 9, 2005·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Andy Dobson
Oct 29, 2010·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Michael J Benton
Jul 13, 2007·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Peter J Mayhew
Jul 5, 2008·Science·John AlroyChristy C Visaggi
Sep 4, 2010·Science·Charles R Marshall
Nov 4, 2008·American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology·Victor J Thannickal
Dec 22, 2012·BMC Biology·Robert M May
Dec 19, 2001·Environmental Health Perspectives·J Herkovits
May 10, 2001·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·N Myers, Andrew H Knoll
Jun 13, 2002·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·D J BeerlingL R Kump
May 16, 2002·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Richard K BambachJ J Sepkoski
May 17, 2001·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·John AlroyA Webber
Sep 5, 2014·Nature Communications·Alexander M DunhillMichael J Benton
Aug 29, 2014·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·David B NicholsonPeter J Mayhew
Sep 7, 2001·Journal of Geophysical Research·K O PopeB A Ivanov
Jul 28, 2004·The American Naturalist·Egbert H van Nes, Marten Scheffer
Apr 24, 2015·The American Naturalist·Luke J Harmon, Susan Harrison
Sep 13, 2003·The American Naturalist·Abigail Lane, Michael J Benton
Oct 7, 2015·Current Biology : CB·Pincelli M Hull
May 30, 1997·Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences·M R RampinoT C Pagano
Nov 7, 2015·Chemistry : a European Journal·Pau TuronCarlos Alemán
Jun 7, 2011·Comptes rendus biologies·Gilles EscarguelSerge Legendre
Dec 18, 2015·Nature·Pincelli M HullDouglas H Erwin
Oct 9, 2007·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·J C McElwain, Surangi W Punyasena
Apr 17, 2007·Comptes rendus biologies·Alain Pavé
Dec 29, 2006·Chemistry & Biodiversity·Christian Schwabe
Jun 3, 2009·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Michael D Crisp, Lyn G Cook
Jun 24, 2004·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Andrew P MartinSteve K Schmidt
Mar 7, 2013·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Jonathan L PayneJan M Skotheim
Jan 22, 2013·Ecology Letters·Fabien L CondamineHélène Morlon
May 17, 2006·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·David Penny, Matthew J Phillips
Aug 12, 2015·BMC Evolutionary Biology·Sacha LaurentNicolas Salamin
Jun 13, 2015·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Michael J Benton
Mar 5, 2015·Nature Communications·Matthew L KnopeJonathan L Payne
Jun 2, 2015·PloS One·Bryan Wilder, Kenneth O Stanley
Dec 2, 2014·PloS One·Shanan E PetersChristopher Ré
Aug 18, 2016·Astrobiology·Shawn D Domagal-GoldmanTeresa Wong
Sep 27, 2016·Current Biology : CB·Michelle R StockerMatthew A Brown
Nov 9, 2016·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Andrew M BushRichard K Bambach
Aug 11, 2011·Systematic Biology·Graeme T LloydAndrew B Smith
Dec 8, 2015·Interface Focus·Jack W OystonMatthew A Wills
Jan 26, 2016·PLoS Biology·R B J BensonGraeme T Lloyd
Nov 3, 2016·PLoS Biology·Michael J Benton
Jun 1, 2017·Nature Communications·J H F L DaviesU Schaltegger
Mar 23, 2018·PloS One·Grégory BeaugrandRichard R Kirby
May 8, 2018·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Ingrid OlivaresMichael Kessler
Sep 16, 2005·Nature·David B KempLorenz Schwark
May 23, 2000·Nature·Andy Purvis, A Hector
Mar 30, 2007·Nature·Olaf R P Bininda-EmondsAndy Purvis
Jul 16, 2015·PloS One·David B NicholsonAndrew J Ross
Aug 17, 2001·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·B S Lieberman
Apr 24, 2001·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·A B Smith
Mar 14, 2018·Nature Ecology & Evolution·Michael E AlfaroThomas J Near
Jul 17, 1998·Nature·P B Rainey, M Travisano
Feb 17, 2000·Nature·Michael J BentonR Hitchin
May 10, 2017·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Peter R GrantJohanna Schmitt
Jan 4, 2020·Physical Biology·Song XuTom Chou
Sep 1, 2017·Geobiology·E E StüekenT W Lyons
Oct 6, 2004·Psychological Reports·Judith MintonLinda Zener Solomon
May 17, 2017·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Andrew ZaffosShanan E Peters
Sep 5, 2018·Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences·Michael J Benton
Feb 20, 2019·Nature Ecology & Evolution·R A CloseR J Butler
Jan 1, 2018·Vegetation History and Archaeobotany·William D GoslingSam Moore
Mar 27, 2019·Nature Ecology & Evolution·Linda C Ivany, Jesse Czekanski-Moir
Jul 10, 2020·Interface Focus·Jonathan L PayneMatthew L Knope
Jul 2, 2020·Ecology and Evolution·Nicolai M NürkMichael D Pirie
Apr 18, 2019·Scientific Reports·Gareth G Roberts, Philip D Mannion
Mar 5, 2020·Science Advances·Graham E Budd, Richard P Mann
Jun 3, 2020·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Gerardo CeballosPeter H Raven
Jun 21, 2014·Physical Review Letters·Frank StollmeierJan Nagler
Apr 25, 2020·Science·R A CloseR J Butler
Nov 20, 2020·Nature·Fabrizia RoncoWalter Salzburger

Related Concepts

Metazoa
Biological Evolution
Paleontology
Neomalthusianism
Selection, Genetic

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a rare rheumatic disease that affects children. Symptoms include joint pain, but also fevers and skin rashes. Here is the latest on this disease.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia

Pontocerebellar hypoplasias are a group of neurodegenerative autosomal recessive disorders with prenatal onset, atrophy or hypoplasia of the cerebellum, hypoplasia of the ventral pons, microcephaly, variable neocortical atrophy and severe mental and motor impairments. Here is the latest research on pontocerebellar hypoplasia.

Cell Atlas Along the Gut-Brain Axis

Profiling cells along the gut-brain axis at the single cell level will provide unique information for each cell type, a three-dimensional map of how cell types work together to form tissues, and insights into how changes in the map underlie health and disease of the GI system and its crosstalk with the brain. Disocver the latest research on single cell analysis of the gut-brain axis here.

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degenerative disease that occurs in individuals that suffer repetitive brain trauma. Discover the latest research on traumatic encephalopathy here.

Related Papers

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
D M Raup, J J Sepkoski
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
John AlroyA Webber
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved