DOI: 10.1101/501866Dec 19, 2018Paper

Diversification of retinoblastoma protein function associated with cis and trans adaptations

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Rima MouawadDavid N Arnosti

Abstract

Retinoblastoma proteins are eukaryotic transcriptional co-repressors that play central roles in cell cycle control, among other functions. Although most metazoan genomes encode a single retinoblastoma protein, gene duplications have occurred at least twice: in the vertebrate lineage, leading to three genes encoding Rb, p107, and p130, while separately in the Drosophila lineage an ancestral Rbf1 gene and a derived Rbf2 gene. Structurally, Rbf1 resembles p107 and p130 most closely, and mutation of the gene is lethal, while Rbf2 is more divergent, and is not essential for development. Rbf1 has been demonstrated to be a potent repressor of canonical cell-cycle promoters, unlike Rbf2. The retention of Rbf2 over 60 million years in the entire Drosophila lineage points to essential functions, however. We show here that Rbf2 regulates a broad set of cell growth control related genes, and can antagonize Rbf1 on specific sets of promoters. Rbf2 null mutants exhibit abnormal development of the female reproductive tract, with reduced egg laying, while heterozygous null mutants exhibit an increased rate of egg deposition, suggesting that the normal function of this protein is critical for optimal control of fertility. The structural alterat...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Cell Cycle
Cell Growth
Drosophila
Enzyme Repression
Fertility
Gene Duplication
Genes
Genome
Repressor Proteins
Retinoblastoma

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