Dec 19, 2019

Diversity in Natural Transformation Frequencies and Regulation across Vibrio Species

MBio
Chelsea A SimpsonJulia C van Kessel

Abstract

In Vibrio species, chitin-induced natural transformation enables bacteria to take up DNA from the external environment and integrate it into their genome. Expression of the master competence regulator TfoX bypasses the need for chitin induction and drives expression of the genes required for competence in several Vibrio species. Here, we show that TfoX expression in Vibrio campbellii strains DS40M4 and NBRC 15631 enables high natural transformation frequencies. Conversely, transformation was not achieved in the model quorum-sensing strain V. campbellii BB120 (previously classified as Vibrio harveyi). Surprisingly, we find that quorum sensing is not required for transformation in V. campbellii DS40M4 or Vibrio parahaemolyticus in contrast to the established regulatory pathway in Vibrio cholerae in which quorum sensing is required to activate the competence regulator QstR. Similar to V. cholerae, expression of both QstR and TfoX is necessary for transformation in DS40M4. There is a wide disparity in transformation frequencies among even closely related Vibrio strains, with V. vulnificus having the lowest functional transformation frequency. Ectopic expression of both TfoX and QstR is sufficient to produce a significant increase i...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Vibrio campbellii
Chitin
Gene Expression
Ectopic (Qualifier Value)
Vibrio vulnificus
Vibrio harveyi
Quorum Sensing
Regulation of Signaling Pathway
Protein Expression
Vibrio

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