Diversity of the biosynthesis of the isoprene units

Natural Product Reports
Tomohisa Kuzuyama, Haruo Seto


This review covers the biosynthesis of the starter units of terpenoids, isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) and dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP) via the nonmevalonate pathway together with a new enzyme involved in the conversion of IPP and DMAPP, i.e type 2 IPP isomerase. The biosynthesis of terpenoids produced by actinomycetes is also reviewed. 117 references are cited.


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Actinomycosis is a rare, chronic, and slowly progressive granulomatous disease caused by filamentous Gram positive anaerobic bacteria from the Actinomycetaceae family (genus Actinomyces). The disease is characterised by the formation of painful abscesses in the mouth, lungs,breast or gastrointestinal tract. Discover the latest research on actinomycosis here.