Aug 5, 1989

DNA base changes and RNA levels in N-acetoxy-2-acetylaminofluorene-induced dihydrofolate reductase mutants of Chinese hamster ovary cells

Journal of Molecular Biology
A M CarothersD Grunberger


Formerly, we isolated a series of dihydrofolate reductase-deficient Chinese hamster ovary cell mutants that were induced by N-acetoxy-2-acetylaminofluorene. Deletions and complex gene rearrangements were detected in 28% of these mutants; 72% contained putative point mutations. In the present study, we have localized the putative point mutations in the 25,000 base dhfr gene by RNase heteroduplex mapping. Assignment of a position for each mutation was successful in 16 of 19 mutants studied. We cloned DNA fragments containing the mapped mutations from nine mutants into a bacteriophage lambda vector. In the case of 11 other mutants, DNA was amplified by the polymerase chain reaction procedure. Sequence analysis of cloned and amplified DNA confirmed the presence of point mutations. Most mutants (90%) carried base substitutions; the rest contained frameshift mutations. Of the point mutations, 75% were G.C to T.A transversions in either the dhfr coding sequence or at splice sites; transition G.C to A.T mutations were found in two mutants (10%). In one of these transition mutants, the base substitution occurred at the fifth base of the third intron. Of the frameshift mutations, one was a deletion of G.C pair and the other was an insert...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Heteroduplex DNA
Tetrahydrofolate Dehydrogenase
Restriction Mapping
Nested Polymerase Chain Reaction

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