Jan 22, 2011

DNA methylation patterns associate with genetic and gene expression variation in HapMap cell lines

Genome Biology
Jordana T BellJonathan K Pritchard

Abstract

DNA methylation is an essential epigenetic mechanism involved in gene regulation and disease, but little is known about the mechanisms underlying inter-individual variation in methylation profiles. Here we measured methylation levels at 22,290 CpG dinucleotides in lymphoblastoid cell lines from 77 HapMap Yoruba individuals, for which genome-wide gene expression and genotype data were also available. Association analyses of methylation levels with more than three million common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) identified 180 CpG-sites in 173 genes that were associated with nearby SNPs (putatively in cis, usually within 5 kb) at a false discovery rate of 10%. The most intriguing trans signal was obtained for SNP rs10876043 in the disco-interacting protein 2 homolog B gene (DIP2B, previously postulated to play a role in DNA methylation), that had a genome-wide significant association with the first principal component of patterns of methylation; however, we found only modest signal of trans-acting associations overall. As expected, we found significant negative correlations between promoter methylation and gene expression levels measured by RNA-sequencing across genes. Finally, there was a significant overlap of SNPs that we...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Genome-Wide Association Study
Quantitative Trait Loci
Hydrogen sulfite
DNA Methylation [PE]
Histone antigen
HapMap
Exons
Protein Methylation
Genome
Chilopoda

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