Do conscious thoughts cause behavior?

Annual Review of Psychology
Roy F BaumeisterKathleen D Vohs

Abstract

Everyday intuitions suggest full conscious control of behavior, but evidence of unconscious causation and automaticity has sustained the contrary view that conscious thought has little or no impact on behavior. We review studies with random assignment to experimental manipulations of conscious thought and behavioral dependent measures. Topics include mental practice and simulation, anticipation, planning, reflection and rehearsal, reasoning, counterproductive effects, perspective taking, self-affirmation, framing, communication, and overriding automatic responses. The evidence for conscious causation of behavior is profound, extensive, adaptive, multifaceted, and empirically strong. However, conscious causation is often indirect and delayed, and it depends on interplay with unconscious processes. Consciousness seems especially useful for enabling behavior to be shaped by nonpresent factors and by social and cultural information, as well as for dealing with multiple competing options or impulses. It is plausible that almost every human behavior comes from a mixture of conscious and unconscious processing.

References

Feb 1, 1991·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·T D Wilson, J W Schooler
Sep 1, 1970·Psychological Review·G A Kimble, L C Perlmuter
Oct 1, 1970·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·M D Storms, R E Nisbett
Oct 1, 1970·Journal of Experimental Psychology·D M Colgan
Jun 1, 1968·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·E Aronson, D R Mettee
Mar 1, 1984·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·R F Baumeister
May 8, 1998·The American Psychologist·S E TaylorD A Armor
Nov 26, 1999·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·S LyubomirskyK Berg
May 4, 2000·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·A Ward, T Mann
Dec 29, 2000·Memory & Cognition·J A WaltzK J Holyoak
Jan 4, 2001·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·C K de DreuW Steinel
Feb 19, 2002·Trends in Cognitive Sciences·Bernard J. Baars
Aug 23, 2002·Consciousness and Cognition·Gilberto Gomes
Sep 11, 2002·Psychological Science·Peter C GordonWilliam H Levine
Oct 11, 2002·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Heejung S Kim
Mar 19, 2003·Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience·John M HinsonPaul Whitney
Sep 1, 1960·Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology·M DEUTSCH, R M KRAUSS
Jan 1, 1962·Journal of Experimental Psychology·R M GAGNE, E C SMITH
Sep 24, 2004·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Russell H FazioNatalie J Shook
Nov 18, 2004·American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology·Charles W SandersKim Van Walsum
Jan 6, 2005·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Lisa K LibbyThomas Gilovich
Jun 29, 2005·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Brad J BushmanNorman Miller
Jul 13, 2005·Psychological Science·William von Hippel, Karen Gonsalkorale
Aug 11, 2005·Consciousness and Cognition·Hilde HaiderDaniel Joram
Sep 16, 2005·The Journal of Applied Psychology·Shmuel Ellis, Inbar Davidi
Nov 3, 2005·Psychological Review·Ezequiel Morsella
Nov 3, 2005·The Behavioral and Brain Sciences·Michael TomaselloHenrike Moll
Dec 15, 2005·Perceptual and Motor Skills·M Brouziyne, C Molinaro
Feb 18, 2006·Science·Ap DijksterhuisRick B van Baaren
May 3, 2006·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Sonja LyubomirskyRene Dickerhoof
May 11, 2006·Psychological Science·Wim De Neys
Jun 21, 2006·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Carsten K W De DreuMartin C Euwema
Aug 18, 2006·Psychological Science·Richard B Slatcher, James W Pennebaker
Sep 2, 2006·Science·Geoffrey L CohenAllison Master
Oct 25, 2006·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Nicholas EpleyMax H Bazerman
Feb 20, 2007·Consciousness and Cognition·James Moore, Patrick Haggard
Apr 25, 2007·Consciousness and Cognition·John A Lambie
May 1, 2007·Consciousness and Cognition·Jean-Christophe SarrazinPatrick Haggard
May 10, 2007·Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin·Céline DarnonAlain Quiamzade
Jun 6, 2007·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Camille S Johnson, Diederik A Stapel

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

May 3, 2011·European Journal of Applied Physiology·Mathew G WilsonAbdulaziz Farooq
Jul 27, 2012·Journal of Genetic Counseling·Jan Hodgson, Clara Gaff
Nov 1, 2012·Neuropsychiatrie : Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation : Organ der Gesellschaft Österreichischer Nervenärzte und Psychiater·Barbara U KadiHenriette Löffler-Stastka
Jan 15, 2013·Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience·John David CreswellAjay B Satpute
May 3, 2013·PloS One·David R ShanksChristopher Moore
Jan 9, 2014·Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience·Claire M ZedeliusHenk Aarts
Jun 4, 2014·Mens Sana Monographs·Donelson E Dulany
Dec 5, 2013·Acta Psychologica·Tuomas LeistiJukka Häkkinen
May 17, 2014·American Journal of Public Health·Peter Lekkas, Ivana Stankov
Feb 1, 2012·International Journal of Law and Psychiatry·Stephan Schleim
Oct 13, 2011·Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences·Roy F Baumeister
Jul 1, 2012·Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science·Eddy Nahmias
Oct 23, 2012·The British Journal of Social Psychology·John A Bargh
Apr 18, 2012·British Journal of Psychology·Aidan MoranChristian Collet
Apr 5, 2016·American Journal of Infection Control·Anne Marie Weggelaar-JansenOnno K Helder
Aug 9, 2015·Comptes rendus biologies·Michel Le Moal, Joël Swendsen
Jul 20, 2014·Consciousness and Cognition·Tomasz Jankowski, Pawel Holas
Jun 1, 2015·Brain Informatics·Dilhan J Thilakarathne, Jan Treur
Feb 19, 2013·Consciousness and Cognition·Ofri Maor, David Leiser
Nov 28, 2012·Consciousness and Cognition·Jonathan SmallwoodTania Singer
Apr 7, 2012·Consciousness and Cognition·Joshua Shepherd
Aug 28, 2014·Consciousness and Cognition·Paul Thagard, Terrence C Stewart
Dec 18, 2013·Cognition·Jim Parkinson, Patrick Haggard
Jul 10, 2012·Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior·Rémi L CapaAndré Dufour
Jun 18, 2014·The American Journal of Psychology·David Navon
Nov 5, 2014·Frontiers in Human Neuroscience·Tim GardAngela Wilson
Oct 9, 2014·Annual Review of Psychology·Jonathan Smallwood, Jonathan W Schooler
May 20, 2016·The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis·Assen Alladin, Jon K Amundson
Jul 20, 2016·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Paul F M J Verschure
Nov 29, 2013·Psychological Science·Zhicheng Lin, Scott O Murray
Dec 1, 2017·Frontiers in Psychology·David A Oakley, Peter W Halligan
Jul 14, 2018·Behavioral Sciences & the Law·Natalie S Gordon, Mark R Fondacaro
Jan 28, 2014·The Behavioral and Brain Sciences·Laurent WaroquierAxel Cleeremans
Jan 28, 2014·The Behavioral and Brain Sciences·Ben R Newell, David R Shanks
Jan 28, 2014·The Behavioral and Brain Sciences·Roy F BaumeisterE J Masicampo
Mar 19, 2014·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Simon van GaalStanislas Dehaene

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Software Mentioned

Tetris

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.