Do magnesium ions influence barium mucosal coating of the large bowel?

European Radiology
G CittadiniE Rosso

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to verify whether the presence of magnesium in the colon lumen at the time of the double-contrast barium enema (DCBE) examination changes the quality of barium mucosal coating. The two members of 38 pairs of patients undergoing DCBE with a standardised technique were randomly subjected to bowel preparation with sennosides and magnesium sulphate, or sennosides and sodium sulphate. Mucosal coating, residual fluid and colon cleansing were assessed independently by three radiologists. The null hypothesis was tested by means of Wilcoxon's signed-rank test. Barium mucosal coating was judged to be better in the members to whom magnesium sulphate was administered (p = 0.0007). There was no difference in the amount of residual fluids (p = 0.3198). Colon cleansing was judged to be better in the members to whom sodium sulphate was administered (p = 0.0166). These results demonstrate, in a simple way, that magnesium ions increase barium coating of the colon mucosa in vivo. The underlying mechanisms (increase in viscosity of barium suspension through water subtraction owing to the hydrophilism of magnesium ions, or interactions with the polysaccharide additives) need further investigation. A first clinical a...Continue Reading

Citations

Dec 21, 2006·Academic Radiology·Stacy D O'Connor, Ronald M Summers
Feb 25, 2017·Journal of Controlled Release : Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society·Mark Martin JensenHamidreza Ghandehari

Related Concepts

Mirabilitum
Anthraquinones
Micropaque Oral
Bowel Preparation Solutions
Taenia Coli
Radiographic contrast media
Administration of Enema
Structure of Intestinal Gland
Magnesium
Magnesium sulfate heptahydrate

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.