Nov 14, 2007

Do the benefits of metal stents justify the costs? A systematic review and meta-analysis of trials comparing endoscopic stents for malignant biliary obstruction

European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Alan C MossPadraic MacMathuna

Abstract

A variety of stent designs has been studied for endoscopic stenting of the bile duct in patients with malignant biliary obstruction. Although metal stents are associated with longer patency, their costs are significantly higher than plastic stents. To compare clinical outcome and cost-effectiveness of endoscopic metal and plastic stents for malignant biliary obstruction by a systematic review and meta-analysis of all randomized controlled trials in this area. We conducted searches to identify all randomized controlled trials in any language from 1966 to 2006 using electronic databases and hand-searching of conference abstracts. Meta-analysis was performed with RevMan software [Review Manager (RevMan) version 4.2 for Windows. Copenhagen: The Nordic Cochrane Centre, The Cochrane Collaboration, 2003]. Seven randomized controlled trials were identified that met the inclusion criteria, and 724 participants were randomized to either metal or plastic endoscopic stents. No significant difference between the two stent types in terms of technical success, therapeutic success, 30-day mortality or complications was observed. Metal stents were associated with a significantly less relative risk (RR) of stent occlusion at 4 months than plasti...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Endoscopy (Procedure)
Meta-Analysis (Publications)
Biliary Atresia
Stent, Device
Cost Effectiveness
Malignant Neoplasm of Pancreas
Retrograde Degeneration
Metals
Malignant Paraganglionic Neoplasm
Stent Occlusion

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.