Aug 7, 2013

Do you see what I see? Sex differences in the discrimination of facial emotions during adolescence

Emotion
Nikki C LeeSukhi S Shergill

Abstract

During adolescence social relationships become increasingly important. Establishing and maintaining these relationships requires understanding of emotional stimuli, such as facial emotions. A failure to adequately interpret emotional facial expressions has previously been associated with various mental disorders that emerge during adolescence. The current study examined sex differences in emotional face processing during adolescence. Participants were adolescents (n = 1951) with a target age of 14, who completed a forced-choice emotion discrimination task. The stimuli used comprised morphed faces that contained a blend of two emotions in varying intensities (11 stimuli per set of emotions). Adolescent girls showed faster and more sensitive perception of facial emotions than boys. However, both adolescent boys and girls were most sensitive to variations in emotion intensity in faces combining happiness and sadness, and least sensitive to changes in faces comprising fear and anger. Furthermore, both sexes overidentified happiness and anger. However, the overidentification of happiness was stronger in boys. These findings were not influenced by individual differences in the level of pubertal maturation. These results indicate that...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Pattern Recognition, Visual
Discrimination (Process of Differentiation)
Regret
Fetishism (Psychiatric)
Face
Facial Expression
Biologic Development
Fear (Mental Process)
Mental Disorders
Psychiatry Specialty

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