Feb 13, 2001

Does functional photosystem II complex have an oxygen channel?

FEBS Letters
Jan M Anderson


Photosystem II complex (PSII) of thylakoid membranes uses light energy to oxidise extremely stable water and produce oxygen (2H(2)O-->O(2)+4H(+)+4e(-)). PSII is compared with cytochrome c oxidase that catalyses the opposite reaction coupled to proton translocation. Cytochrome c oxidase has proton and water channels, and a tentative oxygen channel. I propose that functional PSII complexes also need a specific oxygen channel to direct O(2) from the water molecules bound to specific Mn atoms of the Mn cluster within PSII out to the membrane surface. The function of this channel will be to prevent oxygen being accessible to the radical pair P680(+)Pheo(-), thereby preventing singlet oxygen generation from the triplet P680 state in functional PSII. The important role of singlet oxygen in structurally perturbed non-functional photosystem II is also discussed.

  • References17
  • Citations16

Mentioned in this Paper

Cytochrome c Oxidase Subunit VIa
Photosynthetic Reaction Centers
Structure-Activity Relationship
Light-Harvesting Chlorophyll Protein Complexes
Singlet Oxygen
Photosynthetic Reaction Center Complex Proteins

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.