Does Posting Facebook Status Updates Increase or Decrease Loneliness? An Online Social Networking Experiment

Social Psychological and Personality Science
Fenne Große Deters, Matthias R Mehl

Abstract

Online social networking is a pervasive but empirically understudied phenomenon. Strong public opinions on its consequences exist but are backed up by little empirical evidence and almost no causally-conclusive, experimental research. The current study tested the psychological effects of posting status updates on Facebook using an experimental design. For one week, participants in the experimental condition were asked to post more than they usually do, whereas participants in the control condition received no instructions. Participants added a lab "Research Profile" as a Facebook friend allowing for the objective documentation of protocol compliance, participants' status updates, and friends' responses. Results revealed (1) that the experimentally-induced increase in status updating activity reduced loneliness, (2) that the decrease in loneliness was due to participants feeling more connected to their friends on a daily basis and (3) that the effect of posting on loneliness was independent of direct social feedback (i.e. responses) by friends.

References

Jun 1, 1978·Journal of Personality Assessment·D RussellM L Ferguson
Nov 1, 1994·Psychological Bulletin·N L Collins, L C Miller
Jul 1, 1994·The Journal of Psychology·D Brage, W Meredith
Nov 18, 2000·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·K D WilliamsW Choi
Nov 17, 2001·Cyberpsychology & Behavior : the Impact of the Internet, Multimedia and Virtual Reality on Behavior and Society·E J Moody
Jan 22, 2002·Cyberpsychology & Behavior : the Impact of the Internet, Multimedia and Virtual Reality on Behavior and Society·E B Weiser
May 25, 2002·Cyberpsychology & Behavior : the Impact of the Internet, Multimedia and Virtual Reality on Behavior and Society·Lindsay H Shaw, Larry M Gant
Jan 12, 2005·Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers : a Journal of the Psychonomic Society, Inc·Kristopher J Preacher, Andrew F Hayes
Apr 21, 2007·European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation : Official Journal of the European Society of Cardiology, Working Groups on Epidemiology & Prevention and Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology·Petra M J C KuijpersAdriaan Honig
May 8, 2008·International Journal of Aging & Human Development·François L Rousseau, Robert J Vallerand
Jun 27, 2009·The Gerontologist·Elizabeth A Donnelly, James E Hinterlong
Apr 29, 2010·Psychological Science·Mitja D BackSamuel D Gosling
Jan 25, 2011·Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking·Samuel D GoslingSam Gaddis
Feb 2, 2011·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·Kennon M SheldonChristian Hinsch
May 1, 2012·Perspectives on Psychological Science : a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science·Robert E WilsonLindsay T Graham
Sep 1, 1997·Human Nature : an Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective·R I DunbarN D Duncan

Citations

Feb 16, 2016·Computers in Human Behavior·Ruoyun Lin, Sonja Utz
Sep 6, 2015·Trends in Molecular Medicine·David A AschRaina M Merchant
Jun 10, 2015·Mayo Clinic Proceedings·Katie M BecofskySteven N Blair
Oct 10, 2014·AIDS Care·Cassandra A StantonJonathan Shuter
Aug 4, 2016·Substance Use & Misuse·Nicole WiggertMustafa al'Absi
Aug 12, 2016·Journal of Perinatology : Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association·M F WeemsG Beeman
Nov 11, 2016·Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking·Morten Tromholt
Nov 26, 2014·Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin·D Matthew T ClarkStephanie J Tobin
Feb 28, 2018·Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking·Deborah M WardMicah O Mazurek
Sep 23, 2017·Perspectives on Psychological Science : a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science·Rebecca NowlandJohn T Cacioppo
Jul 31, 2019·Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking·Ingibjorg Eva ThorisdottirInga Dora Sigfusdottir
Jun 18, 2019·American Journal of Health Promotion : AJHP·Liana DesHarnais BruceDouglas A Nemecek
Nov 8, 2019·Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking·Kathrin KarsayAnja Stevic
Dec 19, 2019·Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking·Giulia FioravantiSilvia Casale
Jul 3, 2019·Psychological Reports·Sarah MyruskiTracy A Dennis-Tiwary
Jan 14, 2020·Clinical Psychological Science : a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science·Michaeline JensenCandice Odgers
Nov 25, 2016·JMIR Mental Health·Elizabeth M SeabrookNikki S Rickard
Apr 30, 2019·Behavior Modification·Nicole R NugentMichael F Armey
Feb 26, 2020·Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking·Stephanie J TobinRhiannon Clay
Sep 14, 2019·Annual Review of Psychology·Joseph B BayerNicole B Ellison
Sep 29, 2019·Current Opinion in Psychology·Mufan Luo, Jeffrey T Hancock
Jan 29, 2021·International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health·Meredith E David, James A Roberts

Related Concepts

Experimental Design
Objective (Goal)
Research
Friend Leukemia
Participant
Research Study
Study

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

The Tendon Seed Network

Tendons are rich in the extracellular matrix and are abundant throughout the body providing essential roles including structure and mobility. The transcriptome of tendons is being compiled to understand the micro-anatomical functioning of tendons. Discover the latest research pertaining to the Tendon Seed Network here.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Incretins

Incretins are metabolic hormones that stimulate a decrease in glucose levels in the blood and they have been implicated in glycemic regulation in the remission phase of type 1 diabetes. Here is the latest research.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Long COVID-19

“Long Covid-19” describes illness in patients who are reporting long-lasting effects of the SARS-CoV-19 infection, often long after they have recovered from acute Covid-19. Ongoing health issues often reported include low exercise tolerance and breathing difficulties, chronic tiredness, and mental health problems such as post-traumatic stress disorder and depression. This feed follows the latest research into Long Covid.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Related Papers

Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing : JOGNN
Tekoa L King, Julian T Parer
Journal of the American Pharmacists Association : JAPhA
T Joseph MattinglyJoseph L Fink
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved