PMID: 1279316Jan 1, 1992

Dofetilide, a novel class III antiarrhythmic agent

Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
H S RasmussenH W Dalrymple


Dofetilide is a potent and selective class III antiarrhythmic agent that is under development for the treatment of re-entrant tachyarrhythmias (ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation, atrial fibrillation/atrial flutter, and paraoxysmal supraventricular tachycardia). In animal studies, dofetilide selectively inhibits the rapid component of the time-dependent outward potassium current (IKr) and therefore increases the effective refractory period and action potential duration without affecting the fast inward sodium current. Studies in dogs have shown that dofetilide (a) prolongs the effective refractory period in a dose-dependent manner, (b) elevates ventricular fibrillation threshold, (c) facilitates conversion of electrically induced ventricular fibrillation or fibrilloflutter to sinus rhythm, (d) does not influence conduction within the His-Purkinje system or within the myocardium, (e) does not impair cardiac contractility, and (f) reduces dispersion of ventricular repolarization. Dofetilide has been administered to healthy volunteers as well as to patients with ischemic heart disease or with supraventricular arrhythmias; the compound has generally been well tolerated. Side effects have occasionally been reported, bu...Continue Reading


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