Dec 26, 2001

Dominance of CD8 responses specific for epitopes bound by a single major histocompatibility complex class I molecule during the acute phase of viral infection

Journal of Virology
Bianca R MothéDavid I Watkins

Abstract

Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) responses are thought to control human immunodeficiency virus replication during the acute phase of infection. Understanding the CD8(+) T-cell immune responses early after infection may, therefore, be important to vaccine design. Analyzing these responses in humans is difficult since few patients are diagnosed during early infection. Additionally, patients are infected by a variety of viral subtypes, making it hard to design reagents to measure their acute-phase immune responses. Given the complexities in evaluating acute-phase CD8(+) responses in humans, we analyzed these important immune responses in rhesus macaques expressing a common rhesus macaque major histocompatibility complex class I molecule (Mamu-A*01) for which we had developed a variety of immunological assays. We infected eight Mamu-A*01-positive macaques and five Mamu-A*01-negative macaques with the molecularly cloned virus SIV(mac)239 and determined all of the simian immunodeficiency virus-specific CD8(+) T-cell responses against overlapping peptides spanning the entire virus. We also monitored the evolution of particular CD8(+) T-cell responses by tetramer staining of peripheral lymphocytes as well as lymph node cells in situ. In th...Continue Reading

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