Jul 5, 2006

Dopamine modulation of prefrontal cortical interneurons changes during adolescence

Cerebral Cortex
Kuei-Yuan Tseng, Patricio O'Donnell


Adolescence is marked by profound psychological and neuroendocrine changes. Cognitive functions that depend on the prefrontal cortex and dopamine (DA), such as decision making, are acquired or refined during adolescence; yet, little is known about how neural circuits mature in the transition to adulthood. Here, we conducted electrophysiological recordings in rat brain slices, unveiling an enhancement of the excitability of interneurons, which are important for cortical network activity, by D(1) and D(2) DA receptors. The D(2) effect was observed in slices from adult (postnatal day [PD] > 50) but not preadolescent (PD < 36) animals suggesting a possible neural substrate for the maturation of DA-dependent prefrontal cortical functions during or after adolescence and identifying a critical neural population that could be involved in the periadolescent onset of neuropsychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia.

Mentioned in this Paper

Prefrontal Cortex
Neurosecretory Systems
Biologic Development
Neuronal Plasticity
Structure of Cortex of Kidney
Dopamine Measurement

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