Dose-dependent effects of netarsudil, a Rho-kinase inhibitor, on the distal outflow tract

Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology = Albrecht Von Graefes Archiv Für Klinische Und Experimentelle Ophthalmologie
Si ChenNils A Loewen

Abstract

To characterize the effects of netarsudil on the aqueous humor outflow tract distal to the trabecular meshwork (TM). We hypothesized that netarsudil increases outflow facility in eyes with and without circumferential ab interno trabeculectomy (AIT) that removes the TM. Sixty-four porcine anterior segment cultures were randomly assigned to groups with (n = 32) and without circumferential AIT (n = 32). Cultures were exposed to 0.1, 1, and 10 μM netarsudil (N = 8 eyes per concentration). For each concentration, IOP and vessel diameters were compared with their respective pretreatment baselines. Outflow tract vessel diameters were assessed by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) and rendered in 4D (XYZ time series). Netarsudil at 1 μM reduced IOP both in eyes with TM (- 0.60 ± 0.24 mmHg, p = 0.01) and in eyes without TM (- 1.79 ± 0.42 mmHg, p < 0.01). At this concentration, vessels of the distal outflow tract dilated by 72%. However, at 0.1 μM netarsudil elevated IOP in eyes with TM (1.59 ± 0.36 mmHg, p < 0.001) as well as in eyes without TM (0.23 ± 0.32 mmHg, p < 0.001). Vessels of the distal outflow tract constricted by 31%. Similarly, netarsudil at a concentration of 10 μM elevated IOP both in eyes with TM (1.91 ...Continue Reading

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Citations

Dec 3, 2020·Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology = Albrecht Von Graefes Archiv Für Klinische Und Experimentelle Ophthalmologie·A StrzalkowskaNils A Loewen
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