Dosing of Opioid Medications During and After Pediatric Cardiac Surgery for Children With Down Syndrome.

Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Elizabeth R VogelMorgan L Brown


To determine whether children with Down syndrome (DS) receive higher doses of opioid medications compared with children without DS for repair of complete atrioventricular canal (CAVC). A retrospective chart review of children with and without DS who underwent primary repair of CAVC. The exclusion criteria included unbalanced CAVC and patients undergoing biventricular staging procedures. The primary outcome was oral morphine equivalents (OME) received in the first 24 hours after surgery. The secondary outcomes included intraoperative OME, OME at 48 and 72 hours, nonopioid analgesic and sedative medications received, pain scores, time to extubation, and length of stay. A pediatric academic medical center in the United States. One hundred thirty-one patients with DS and 24 without, all <two years old, who underwent a CAVC repair. Not applicable. Patients with DS were older than patients without DS (median 96.3 days [interquartile range {IQR} 70.7-128.2] v 75.9 days [IQR 49.8-107.3], p = 0.033) but otherwise not statistically different in the baseline characteristics. There was no difference in OME received in the first 24 hours postoperatively between groups (3.01 mg/kg [IQR 1.23-5.43] v 3.57 mg/kg [IQR 1.54-7.06], p = 0.202). OME...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Related Papers

World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
Christo I TchervenkovStephen Korkola
European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery : Official Journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery
G SantoroL Pasquini
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Marit Erna AustengKari Jorunn Kværner
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved