A 14-month-old boy with double aneuploidy and a double aortic arch suffered from frequently recurrent severe feeding and respiratory problems. Chromosomal analysis showed a 48,XXY + 21 karyotype: a double aneuploidy of Down syndrome (DS) and Klinefelter syndrome (KS). Only four cases of double aneuploidy (DS + KS) associated with congenital heart defects have been published of which none had a double aortic arch. Our case report should draw attention to the possibility of a double aortic arch in patients with severe feeding and respiratory problems and a double aneuploidy.
Birth defects encompass structural and functional alterations that occur during embryonic or fetal development and are present since birth. The cause may be genetic, environmental or unknown and can result in physical and/or mental impairment. Here is the latest research on birth defects.