Feb 10, 1976

Double-headed protease inhibitors from black-eyed peas. I. Purification of two new protease inhibitors and the endogenous protease by affinity chromatography

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
L S Gennis, C R Cantor


Two new double-headed protease inhibitors have been isolated from black-eyed peas. The isoinhibitors can be purified to homogeneity with greater than 90% recovery in a four-step procedure by means of sequential affinity chromatography on trypsin-Sepharose and chymotrypsin-Sepharose affinity columns. The isoinhibitors both have molecular weights near 8,000 and both have the same NH1-terminal residue serine. Black-eyed pea chymotrypsin and trypsin inhibitor (BEPCI) has an isoelectric point of 5.1 and inhibits trypsin and chymotrypsin simultaneously. Black-eyed pea trypsin inhibitor (BEPTI) has an isoelectric point of 6.5 and inhibits 2 molecules of trypsin simultaneously. BEPTI binds to chymotrypsin-Sepharose above pH 6 but does not inhibit chymotrypsin in the standard inhibitor assay with 10-3 M substrate. These new inhibitors are distinct from the Ventura inhibitor isolated from Serido black-eyed peas. An endogenous seed protease has been isolated from black-eyed peas by affinity chromatography on soybean inhibitor-carboxymethylcellulose affinity columns. A protease-BEPCI complex has been isolated by ion exchange chromatography. A dual physiological function of inhibition and protection of the seed protease is suggested as a pl...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Trypsin Inhibitors
Peptide Hydrolases
Protease Inhibitors
Plant Proteins
Chromatography, Affinity

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