Feb 10, 1976

Double-headed protease inhibitors from black-eyed peas. III. Subunit interactions of the native and half-site chemically modified proteins

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
L S Gennis, C R Cantor


The chemical modification of two new double-headed-protease inhibitors from black-eyed peas, a trypsin-chymotrypsin inhibitor (BEPCI) and a trypsin inhibitor (BEPTI) with dansyl chloride was investigated under various conditions. The NH2-terminal serine of both BEPCI and BEPTI, the 4 lysyl residues of BEPCI, and 4 of the 5 lysyl residues of BEPTI, could not be dansylated in the absence of urea. The single tyrosine per subunit of BEPCI and BEPTI was unreactive even in the presence of urea but could be labeled with half-site reactivity by the Celite method. Lysine, NH2-terminal serine, and tyrosine were reactive in fully reduced, carbamidomethylated BEPCI and BEPTI. Gel filtration was used to study the subunit interactions of BEPCI and BEPTI. At pH 8 or pH 3.0 there is a complex set of multiple equilibria with widely differing rates of attainment. We have found evidence for a rapid dimer-tetramer equilibrium, a distinct moderate rate dimer-tetramer equilibrium, a very slow monomer-dimer equilibrium, and postulate slow isomerization of the two forms of dimer and the two forms of tetramer. The monomer-dimer equilibrium is quite unusual in that the dimer is stabilized by chaotropic ions and even slightly by guanidine HC1. In contras...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Protease Inhibitors [MoA]
Trypsin Inhibitors
Dansyl Compounds
Dansyl chloride
Protease inhibitors, direct acting antivirals
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Gel Chromatography
Urea Measurement

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