Feb 1, 1988

Downregulation of protein kinase C in guinea pig pancreatic acini: effects on secretion

The American Journal of Physiology
C K SungJ A Williams


Pretreatment of guinea pig pancreatic acini with the phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) induced a time- and concentration-dependent down-regulation of protein kinase C. In control acini almost all of the protein kinase C activity was present in a cytosolic fraction. Incubation with TPA initially shifted protein kinase C activity to a particular fraction which then disappeared over the following 24-h incubation with TPA. To study the role of protein kinase C in stimulus-secretion coupling, acini were pretreated with TPA and then amylase release was studied in response to various secretagogues. Preincubation of acini with TPA led to a time- and concentration-dependent decrease in TPA-stimulated amylase release that correlated with protein kinase C downregulation. Preincubation of acini with 1 microM TPA for 24 h, resulting in complete loss of protein kinase C activity, abolished the secretory effect of subsequently added TPA. By contrast, the secretory effects of cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) and carbamylcholine chloride (CCh) were only inhibited by 44 and 34%, respectively, and amylase release stimulated by the Ca2+ ionophore A23187 and an adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate-mediated agonist, vasoact...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate, 4a alpha-Isomer
Cavia porcellus
Protein Kinase M

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