Drosophila anion exchanger 2 is required for proper ovary development and oogenesis

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Marimar BenitezTodd G Nystul

Abstract

Understanding how cell fate decisions are regulated is a central question in stem cell biology. Recent studies have demonstrated that intracellular pH (pHi) dynamics contribute to this process. Indeed, the pHi of cells within a tissue is not simply a consequence of chemical reactions in the cytoplasm and other cellular activity, but is actively maintained at a specific setpoint in each cell type. We found previously that the pHi of cells in the follicle stem cell (FSC) lineage in the Drosophila ovary increases progressively during differentiation from an average of 6.8 in the FSCs, to 7.0 in newly produced daughter cells, to 7.3 in more differentiated cells. Two major regulators of pHi in this lineage are Drosophila sodium-proton exchanger 2 (dNhe2) and a previously uncharacterized gene, CG8177, that is homologous to mammalian anion exchanger 2 (AE2). Based on this homology, we named the gene ae2. Here, we generated null alleles of ae2 and found that homozygous mutant flies are viable but have severe defects in ovary development and adult oogenesis. Specifically, we find that ae2 null flies have smaller ovaries, reduced fertility, and impaired follicle formation. In addition, we find that the follicle formation defect can be su...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Alleles
Cell Differentiation Process
Cytoplasm
Drosophila
Fertility
Genes
Oogenesis
Stem Cells
SLC4A2 Protein
Intracellular

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