Apr 1, 1976

Dual contribution theory of regulation of CSF HCO3 in respiratory acidosis

Journal of Applied Physiology
F M Hasan, H Kazemi


Regulation of CSF HCO3-in respiratory acidosis was studied in light of the "dual contribution theory," which proposed that there were two sources for the CSF HCO3-increase: 1) HCO3-by diffusion from plasma and 2) HCO3-generated in the CNS and catalyzed by the local carbonic anhydrase (J. Appl. Physiol. 38: 504-512, 1975). In anesthetized dogs with an increase in Paco2 of 30 mmHg for 4 h the plasma HCO3 increased 2 meq/1 and CSF 6 meq/1. In combined respiratory and metabolic acidosis, plasma HCO3-did not increase but CSF HCO3-increased 6 meq/1. In combined acidosis and intraventricular injections of acetazolamide no increase in plasma or CSF HCO3-occurred. In combined respiratory acidosis and metabolic alkalosis and intraventricular acetazolamide, plasma HCO3-increased 15 meq/1 but CSF HCO3-increased 6 meq/1. Brain and CSF ammonia increased linearly and selectively with the increase in the relative contribution of CNS HCO3-increase. Therefore regulation of CSF HCO3-in respiratory acidosis depends on both components of the dual contribution theory, where each component can provide the total CSF HCO3-increase under appropriate experimental conditions. The control mechanism may be sensitive to changes in [H+] on the brain side of t...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Carbonic Acid Ions
Cerebrospinal Fluid
Acidosis, Respiratory
Anion Gap
Carbon Dioxide

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