Mar 7, 2018

Dual extra-retinal origins of microglia in the model of retinal microglia repopulation

Cell Discovery
Yubin HuangBo Peng

Abstract

Elucidating the origin of microglia is crucial for understanding their functions and homeostasis. Previous study has indicated that Nestin-positive progenitor cells differentiate into microglia and replenish the brain after depleting most brain microglia. Microglia have also shown the capacity to repopulate the retina after eliminating all retinal microglia. However, the origin(s) of repopulated retinal microglia is/are unknown. In this study, we aim to investigate the origins of repopulated microglia in the retina. Interestingly, we find that repopulated retinal microglia are not derived from Nestin-positive progenitor cells. Instead, they have two origins: the center-emerging microglia are derived from residual microglia in the optic nerve and the periphery-emerging microglia are derived from macrophages in the ciliary body/iris. Therefore, we have for the first time identified the extra-retinal origins of microglia in the adult mammalian retina by using a model of microglial repopulation, which may shed light on the target exploration of therapeutic interventions for retinal degenerative disorders.

Mentioned in this Paper

Health Center
Study
Entire Optic Nerve
Entire Retina
Brain
Retinal Diseases
Entire Iris
Ciliary Body
Retinaldehyde
Iris (Eye)

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