DUETT quantitatively identifies known and novel events in nascent RNA structural dynamics from chemical probing data

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Albert Y XueNeda Bagheri

Abstract

Motivation: RNA molecules can undergo complex structural dynamics, especially during transcription, which influence their biological functions. Recently developed high-throughput chemical probing experiments study RNA cotranscriptional folding to generate nucleotide-resolution "reactivities" for each length of a growing nascent RNA and reflect structural dynamics. However, the manual annotation and qualitative interpretation of reactivity across these large datasets can be nuanced, laborious, and difficult for new practitioners. We developed a quantitative and systematic approach to automatically detect RNA folding events from these datasets to reduce human bias/error, standardize event discovery, and generate hypotheses about RNA folding trajectories for further analysis and experimental validation. Results: Detection of Unknown Events with Tunable Thresholds (DUETT) identifies RNA structural transitions in cotranscriptional RNA chemical probing datasets. DUETT employs a feedback control-inspired method and a linear regression approach and relies on interpretable and independently tunable parameter thresholds to match qualitative user expectations with quantitatively identified folding events. We validate the approach by ident...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Bacillus cereus
Escherichia coli
Gene Rearrangement
Motivation
Nucleotides
RNA
Transcription, Genetic
Signal Recognition Particle
Protein Folding
Chemicals

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