Dynamic dead space in face masks used with noninvasive ventilators: a lung model study

The European Respiratory Journal
E SaatciJ Moxham

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine what the influence of different designs of face masks and different noninvasive ventilator modes would be upon total dynamic dead space. Using a spontaneous breathing model, total dynamic dead space was measured when using 19 commercially available face masks and a range of ventilators in various ventilation modes. Total dynamic dead space during spontaneous ventilation was increased above physiological dead space from 32% to 42% of tidal volume by using face masks. The use of noninvasive ventilation modes such as bilevel and continuous positive airway pressure, with continuous pressure throughout the expiratory phase, reduced total dynamic dead space to approach physiological dead space with most face masks. Pressure assist and pressure support ventilation decreased total dynamic dead space to a lesser degree, from 42% to 39% of tidal volume. Face masks with expiratory ports over the nasal bridge resulted in beneficial flow characteristics within the face mask and nasal cavity, so as to decrease total dynamic dead space to less than physiological dead space from 42% to 28.5% of tidal volume. Exhaust ports over the nasal bridge in face masks effect important decreases in dynamic dead space...Continue Reading

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