Dynamic integrated analysis of DNA methylation and gene expression profiles in in vivo and in vitro fertilized mouse post-implantation extraembryonic and placental tissues

Molecular Human Reproduction
Kun TanLei An

Abstract

How does in vitro fertilization (IVF) alter promoter DNA methylation patterns and its subsequent effects on gene expression profiles during placentation in mice? IVF-induced alterations in promoter DNA methylation might have functional consequences in a number of biological processes and functions during IVF placentation, including actin cytoskeleton organization, hematopoiesis, vasculogenesis, energy metabolism and nutrient transport. During post-implantation embryonic development, both embryonic and extraembryonic tissues undergo de novo DNA methylation, thereby establishing a global DNA methylation pattern, and influencing gene expression profiles. Embryonic and placental tissues of IVF conceptuses can have aberrant morphology and functions, resulting in adverse pregnancy outcomes such as pregnancy loss, low birthweight, and long-term health effects. To date, the IVF-induced global profiling of DNA methylation alterations, and their functional consequences on aberrant gene expression profiles in IVF placentas have not been systematically studied. Institute for Cancer Research mice (6 week-old females and 8-9 week-old males) were used to generate in vivo fertilization (IVO) and IVF blastocysts. After either IVO and developmen...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Fertility
Embryo
Amino Acid Metabolism
Genome-Wide Association Study
Study
In Vivo
DNA Methylation [PE]
Patterns
Hernia of Cerebellar Tonsil into Foramen Magnum
NOS1

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