Aug 31, 2018

Dynamic perspectives into the mechanisms of mutation-induced p53-DNA binding loss and inactivation using active perturbation theory: Structural and molecular insights toward the design of potent reactivators in cancer therapy

Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Fisayo A Olotu, Mahmoud E Soliman

Abstract

The DNA-binding ability of p53 represents the crux of its tumor suppressive activities, which involves transcriptional activation of target genes responsible for apoptosis and cell-cycle arrest. Mutational occurrences within or in close proximity to the DNA-binding surface of p53 have accounted for the loss of direct DNA-binding ability and inactivation implicated in many cases of cancer. Moreover, the design of therapeutic compounds that can restore DNA-binding ability in p53 mutants has been identified as a way forward in curtailing their oncogenic activities. However, there is still the need for more insights into evaluate the perturbations that occur at the DNA-binding interface of mp53 relative to DNA-binding loss, inactivation, and design of potent reactivators, hence the purpose of this study. Therefore, we evaluated p53-structural (R175H) and contact (R273C) mutational effects using tunnel perturbation analysis and other computational tools. We identified significant perturbations in the active tunnels of p53, which resulted in altered geometry and loss, unlike in the wild-type p53. This corroborated with structural, DNA-binding, and interaction network analysis, which showed that loss of flexibility, repulsion of DNA-i...Continue Reading

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References

Mentioned in this Paper

TP53 gene
Computer Software
Study
Candidate Disease Gene
Neoplasms
Medical Devices
PPM1D gene
TP53
Cancer Treatment
Apoptosis

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