Dec 19, 2014

The transcriptional aftermath in two independently formed hybrids of the opportunistic pathogen Candida orthopsilosis

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Micha? BolaToni Gabaldón

Abstract

Interspecific hybridization can drive evolutionary adaptation to novel environments. The Saccharomycotina clade of budding yeasts includes many hybrid lineages, and hybridization has been proposed as a source for new pathogenic species. Candida orthopsilosis is an emerging opportunistic pathogen for which most clinical isolates are hybrids, each derived from one of at least four independent crosses between the same two parental lineages. To gain insight on the transcriptomic aftermath of hybridization in these pathogens, we analyzed allele-specific gene expression in two independently formed hybrid strains, and in a homozygous strain representative of one parental lineage. Our results show that the effect of hybridization on overall gene expression is rather limited, affecting ~4% of the studied genes. However, we identified a larger effect in terms of imbalanced allelic expression, affecting ~9.5% of the heterozygous genes in the hybrids. Some of these altered genes have functions related to pathogenicity, including zinc transport and superoxide dismutase activities. Additionally, the number of shared genes with imbalanced expression in the two independently formed hybrids was higher than random expectation, suggesting selecti...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Patterns
Electroencephalography
DNA Topology Regulation
Brain
Lymph Nodes
Interphase Cell
Vision Tests
Cognition
Internal
Pathway Analysis

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