DOI: 10.1101/514265Jan 7, 2019Paper

Dynamics, cariogenicity, and geographic distribution of Streptococcus mutans adhesin types suggest adaptation to individual hosts

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Nongfei ShengNicklas Strömberg

Abstract

Dental caries, the most common chronic infectious disease, involve Streptococcus mutans SpaP A/B/C and Cnm/Cbm adhesin types of different virulence. We have explored their stability and dynamics over 5 years, their geographic distribution, as well as the potentially increased cariogenicity of specific SpaP B subtypes. We performed qPCR and TaqMan typing using whole saliva and isolates from 452 Swedish adolescents followed from 12 to 17 years of age. Approximately 50% of the children were infected at baseline with a single dominant (44%) or mixed (6%) SpaP A, B, or C type, some of which were also Cnm (6%) or Cbm (1%) positive. Stability (+, +) was high for S. mutans infection (85%) and dominant SpaP A or C (80% and 67%) and Cnm or Cbm (85% and 100%) types, but low for SpaP B (51%) and mixed SpaP A/B/C types (26%). Only five children switched from one SpaP type to another, and none between Cnm and Cbm types. Mixed SpaP A/B/C types were typically lost or changed into dominant types. Moreover, children infected with Cnm (n=26) types were more frequent in the northern (Skellefteå) region (p = 0.0041), and those with Cbm types (n=7) in the southern (Umeå) region. Children infected with SpaP B-2 subtypes had a doubled caries experienc...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Cell Differentiation Process
Dental Caries
Enzyme Stability
Saliva
Streptococcus mutans
Virulence
Chronic Infectious Disease
Adhesins, Bacterial
Adaptation
Typing Classification

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