DOI: 10.1101/487900Dec 6, 2018Paper

Dynamics of human gut microbiota and short-chain fatty acids in response to dietary interventions with three fermentable fibers

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Thomas M. SchmidtKwi S Kim

Abstract

Production of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), especially butyrate, in the gut microbiome is required for optimal health but is frequently limited by the lack of fermentable fiber in the diet. We attempted to increase butyrate production by supplementing the diets of 174 healthy young adults for two weeks with resistant starch from potatoes (RPS), resistant starch from maize (RMS), inulin from chicory root, or an accessible corn starch control. RPS resulted in the greatest increase in total SCFAs, including butyrate. Although the majority of microbiomes responded to RPS with increases in the relative abundance of bifidobacteria, those that responded with an increase in Ruminococcus bromii or Clostridium chartatabidum were more likely to yield higher butyrate concentrations, especially when their microbiota were replete with populations of the butyrate-producing species Eubacterium rectale. RMS and inulin induced different changes in fecal communities, but they did not generate significant increases in fecal butyrate levels.

Related Concepts

Zea mays
Diet
Fatty Acids
Fermentation
Inulin
Potato
Starch
butyrate
Fiber
Eubacterium rectale

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