Mar 10, 2015

Dynamics of miRNA-driven feed-forward loop depends upon miRNA action mechanisms

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
M A DukA M Samsonov

Abstract

Background We perform the theoretical analysis of a gene network sub-system, composed of a feed-forward loop, in which the upstream transcription factor regulates the target gene via two parallel pathways: directly, and via interaction with miRNA. Results As the molecular mechanisms of miRNA action are not clear so far, we elaborate three mathematical models, in which miRNA either represses translation of its target or promotes target mRNA degradation or is not re-used, but degrades along with target mRNA. We examine the feed-forward loop dynamics quantitatively at the whole time interval of cell cycle. We rigorously proof the uniqueness of solutions to the models and obtain the exact solutions in one of them analytically. Conclusions We have shown that different mechanisms of miRNA action lead to a variety of types of dynamical behavior of feed-forward loops. In particular, we find that the ability of feed-forward loop to dampen fluctuations introduced by transcription factor is the model and parameter dependent feature. We also discuss how our results could help a biologist to infer the mechanism of miRNA action

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Mentioned in this Paper

Biochemical Pathway
Fluctuation
Genes
Candidate Disease Gene
Theoretical Study
USF1
Transcription factor USF
Cell Cycle
OR1S1
RNA, Messenger

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