Dynamics of the humoral immune response of calves infected and re-infected with Cooperia punctata

Veterinary Parasitology
A P Yatsuda, M C Vieira-Bressan

Abstract

The dynamics of the humoral immune response of calves were analysed after primary infection and re-infection with the intestinal nematode Cooperia punctata. 12 male 5 month-old Holstein-Friesian calves were randomly divided into two groups A and B. At the beginning of the experiment Group A animals were each infected experimentally with a single oral dose of 130,000 infective third stage larvae (L3) of C. punctata. The animals of Group B were kept as non-infected controls. The two calves from Group A with the highest infections died of cooperiosis at 32 and 44 days after infection (DAI), respectively. On DAI 100 the calves were treated with the recommended dose of oxfendazole. On DAI 180 the remaining four calves of Group A and three animals of Group B (B1) were infected with 260,000 L3 of C. punctata, while the other three calves of Group B (B2) served as non-infected controls. Monitoring of the humoral immune response predominantly demonstrated an IgG1 response against both adult and L3 antigen of C. punctata. Moreover, re-infections increased the levels of these immunoglobulins. IgA levels were less increased than IgG1 and no significant increase was observed in IgG2 and IgM levels. Immunoblotting analysis showed that total ...Continue Reading

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