Sep 20, 2017

Dysfunctional high-density lipoprotein from HIV+ individuals promotes monocyte-derived foam cell formation in vitro

AIDS
Thomas A AngelovichTheodoros Kelesidis

Abstract

The role of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) function in HIV-related atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) is unclear. HDLs isolated from HIV [HIV(+)HDL] and HIV-uninfected individuals [HIV(-)HDL] were assessed for HDL function and ability to promote monocyte-derived foam cell formation (MDFCF; a key event in HIV-related CVD) ex vivo. Using an established in-vitro model of atherogenesis and plasma samples from an established cross-sectional study of virologically suppressed HIV men on stable effective antiretroviral therapy and with low CVD risk (median age: 42 years; n = 10), we explored the impact of native HDL [HIV(+)HDL] on MDFCF. In this exploratory study, we selected HIV(+)HDL known to be dysfunctional based on two independent measures of impaired HDL function: antioxidant (high HDLox) ability of HDL to release apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I) (low HDL-ApoA-I exchange). Five healthy men matched by age and race to the HIV group were included. Given that oxidation of HDL leads to abnormal HDL function, we also compared proatherogenic effects of HIV(+)HDL vs. chemically derived HDLox. The ex-vivo atherogenesis assay was performed using lipoproteins (purchased or isolated from plasma using ultracentrifugation) and monocytes p...Continue Reading

  • References11
  • Citations3

Mentioned in this Paper

Prevalence Studies
In Vivo
Blood Vessel
Antioxidant Effect
Antioxidants
Apolipoprotein A-I Measurement
APOA1 gene
Antiretroviral Therapy
HIV Infections
ApoAI regulatory protein-1

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